Gonorrhea is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. It’s a bacterial disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It tends to target the warm and humid areas of the body. It may affect the urethra, the eyes, the throat, the vagina and the female reproductive tract. The disease has evolved and soon It might become impossible to treat. This once treatable STD is getting too strong for antibiotics to cure.
Gonorrhea is often thought of as a curable sexually transmitted disease, but according to the World Health Organization (WHO), that may no longer be the case. Gonorrhea which can present itself with the following signs and symptoms:
- The frequency or urgency of urination is higher than normal
- A pus-like discharge from the sex organs
- Swelling or redness at the opening of the male sex organ
- Swelling and discomfort in the testicles (men) and irregular periods (women)
It is important to note that some people do not exhibit any symptoms of Gonorrhea.
Gonorrhea infection can be diagnosed in several ways. Healthcare professionals will use a sample of fluid from the affected area. The material collected is then placed on a glass slide and examined under a microscope. A special strain is added to the sample on the glass slide. A positive result for Gonorrhea is when the cells react to the stain. This method is relatively quick, but it doesn't provide concrete results. An alternative method involves taking the same type of sample and placing it on a sampling dish. The sample is then incubated. If the gonorrhoeae is present, the sample will have a colony of gonorrhea bacteria. A preliminary result may be ready within the first day while the final result will take up to 72 hours.
World Health Organization data shows that Gonorrhea infection totals around 80, 000,000 people around the world each year. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 820,000 people in the U.S. are affected by the disease. "The bacteria that causes gonorrhea is particularly smart. Every time we use a new class of antibiotics to treat the infection, the bacteria evolve to resist them," says Teodora Wi, a human reproduction specialist at the WHO, in a press release.
Data was collected from 77 countries that showed that there is widespread resistance to the older and more affordable antibiotics on the market. The WHO reports that countries with higher incomes, where there are better Sexually transmitted disease detection procedures, are the ones where these untreatable strains are most likely to be found.
Additionally, WHO has discovered three superbugs which are currently impossible to kill in France, Japan, and Spain. This is alarming to the medical professionals as Gonorrhea is caused by a bacterium. The use of synthetic antibiotics to treat the disease has been attributed to be among the causes of the emergence of the drug-resistant Gonorrhea strain.
Earlier this year, the international health organization announced that Gonorrhea was one type of bacteria that pose greatest threat to human health. The need for new antibiotics to combat this disease. World Health Organization officials released a statement saying that only three candidate drugs to cure gonorrhea are in development.
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